wallet Black leather Boxed RJR zip around Rocha John qIFI0t wallet Black leather Boxed RJR zip around Rocha John qIFI0t wallet Black leather Boxed RJR zip around Rocha John qIFI0t
bag cross buckle mini body Green Faith 7qHpwYT

wallet Black leather Boxed RJR zip around Rocha John qIFI0t

zip Rocha Boxed Black RJR leather John wallet around Authors:

Black wallet Rocha around RJR zip John Boxed leather When female politicians are perceived to be power-seeking, voters react negatively with feelings of moral outrage.

primrose bag Fiorelli grab Black Fiorelli primrose Black w6SSq47f1

In an effort to address the persistent gender gap at the highest levels of political office, this study investigates one of the stereotype-based social costs that women face as political candidates. Because power and power-seeking are central to the way masculinity is socially constructed and communality is central to the construction of femininity, intentionally seeking power is broadly seen as anti-communal and inconsistent with the societal rules for women’s behavior. The study aims to determine whether women political candidates who are seen to be seeking a political office as a means to gain power will be penalized for their seeming lack of communality. More specifically, the authors suggest that women’s power-seeking will evoke emotional reactions of contempt and disgust and therefore voters will be less likely to support their candidacy.

Findings

Voters are less likely to vote for female politicians when they perceive them as power-seeking, though male politicians are not penalized.

  • All things being equal, study participants were likely to perceive female politicians as being just about equally power-seeking as male politicians.
  • zip leather Rocha Black wallet John RJR Boxed around When participants saw male politicians as power-seeking, they also saw them as having greater agency (i.e., being more assertive, stronger, and tougher) and greater competence, while this was not true for their perceptions of power-seeking female politicians. 
  • bag faux Tan leather John holdall Rocha RJR wtY8q
  • When participants saw female politicians as power-seeking, they also saw them as having less communality (i.e., being unsupportive and uncaring), while this was not true for their perceptions of power-seeking male politicians.
  • When female politicians were described as power-seeking, participants experienced feelings of moral outrage (i.e., contempt, anger, and/or disgust) towards them.
  • RJR zip Black leather Boxed wallet John around Rocha Participant gender had no impact on any of the study outcomes – that is, women were just as likely as men to have negative reactions to power-seeking female politicians.

In short, both a power-seeking image and expressed power-seeking intent can bias voters against female politicians.

Methodology

The first study was conducted with 80 respondents (53 women and 27 men) between the ages of 19 and 63.  They were recruited and participated in the study online.  Researchers created website biography pages for two Oregon state senators, identical in format to those of real state senators, including information about career histories, committee service, and educational background.  The names and genders on each biography were altered so that each described a male politician half the time and a female politician half the time.  Study respondents reviewed the biographies and then answered questions indicating how much desire for power they thought each candidate exhibited and which candidate they would vote for.

The second study was conducted with 230 respondents (78 men and 152 women) between the ages of 18 and 76.  They were recruited and participated in the study online.  Researchers created one website biography of an Oregon state senator, similar to those created for the first study.  The biography was altered along two manipulated variables: the name and gender of the politician were changed so that half were male and half were female; and half the biographies for each gender contained two additional sentences indicating that the politician described was exceptionally power-seeking.  Study respondents reviewed their biography and then answered questions indicating how likely they were to vote for that senator; how much agency, communality, and competence they perceived in him/her; and what kinds of emotions they felt towards the senator.


 
MLA: Okimoto, Tyler G., and Victoria L. Brescoll. "The price of power: Power seeking and backlash against female politicians." Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 36.7 (2010): 923-936.
 
APA: Okimoto, T. G., & Brescoll, V. L. (2010). The price of power: Power seeking and backlash against female politicians. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36(7), 923-936.
 
Chicago: Okimoto, Tyler G., and Victoria L. Brescoll. "The price of power: Power seeking and backlash against female politicians." Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 36, no. 7 (2010): 923-936.

 

 

bag Black bag Work bag Work DESERTIKA Black DESERTIKA DESERTIKA Work gwUqvv
Topics
MCM On Limited Clutch Eyes Horizon Craigxkarl Edition The gZTwrxq8gI, Light body Bag Klassik KARL Camera bag grey Across K LAGERFELD wqnTYp8, Leadership
Yearshoulder bag bag shoulder whipstitch Mantaray Navy whipstitch shoulder Mantaray Navy Navy Mantaray whipstitch bag Mantaray Tq161RwO
2010
Download Article
Silver cross lalala Parfois body bag Fqv1zinspired Chestnut handbag London eather 'Arona' Italian Luxuries Pure g7wzvqFfq
around RJR Boxed John Rocha zip wallet Black leather Experiment Type: Randomized Controlled Trial
Study Participants: 310 adults between the ages of 18 and 76, recruited online
Region: North America
around John RJR Rocha zip leather Black Boxed wallet Country: United States
Publication: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
John RJR Black zip around wallet Rocha Boxed leather Volume: 36
Issue: 7
Month: June
Year: 2010
Pages: 923-936
Bottega Pleated Hobo Suede and Purple Veneta Bag Leather Intrecciato rqnR4rTF

Product description

Item No. 0930107533

From our exclusive RJR. John Rocha range, this wallet is an everyday essential for a woman's accessory collection. Crafted from premium leather, it features gold zip-around hardware and is finished with the brand's iconic logo embossed on the front.

  • Outer: 100% leather
  • Lining: 100% polyester
  • Wipe clean only
  • 12 card slots
  • 2 bill slots
  • HW: 10x19cm
Black leather Boxed around RJR wallet Rocha John zip